A second basket weave is needed over this first one. Information about chromosome number is still a crucial part of current understanding and phylogenies of Soldiago.
Chromosome counts have proven to be a valuable character in Solidago taxonomy and in elucidating the cytogeographic history of Solidago. Press shown folded up in F. Some leaves may display trinerved venation rather than the pinnate venation usual across Asteraceae.
Videos showing these instructions are at the bottom of this page. It was asserted that S. Traditional medicine[ edit ] Solidago virgaurea is used in a traditional kidney tonic by practitioners of herbal medicine to counter inflammation and irritation caused by bacterial infections or kidney stones.
The size of the stars along an edge from tip to tip is 4 times the width of the strips. While one school of Asteraceae taxonomy thought unites all taxa sharing similar floral head structure and subsequently ignores deviation from this morphology; while another places greater weight on these morphological deviations.
The leaf margins are most commonly entire, but often display heavier serration. The basket weave is two times the strip width and each triangle is the width of a strip. Propagation is by wind-disseminated seeds or by spreading underground rhizomes which can form colonies of vegetative clones of a single plant.
Goldenrod pollen is too heavy and sticky to be blown far from the flowers, and is pollinated mainly by insects. The taxonomic status of Solidago ptarmicoidei created an extensive debate due to frequency hybridization of S. For the command hooks, we glued small loops of twine onto the back of the flower, near the base.
Fringe the long edge and twist the edges. Floret corollas are usually yellow, but white in the ray florets of a few species such as Solidago bicolor ; they are typically hairless.
Goldenrod flowers are usually bees last source of nectar before winter hits. As it dries, excess turmeric powder begin to flake. Ford and Carver began corresponding via letter inand their mutual admiration deepened after George Washington Carver made a visit to Michigan in Pull one top strip down.
European goldenrod is pollinated by Bombus cryptarum Solidago species are perennials growing from woody caudices or rhizomes. He and Ford experimented with different crops, including sweet potatoes and dandelions, eventually devising a way to make the rubber substitute from goldenrod, a plant weed commercially viable.
Using consensus trees from ITS data, another study found support for Oligoneuron as part of Solidago and the findings of Zhang Existing molecular-based phylogenies provide monophyletic support for Solidago,     given its inclusion of Oligoneuron.
Cut the goldenrod off at the point where the light color turns darker. In the Midwestern United Statesthe blooming of goldenrods in August is a reminder that it will soon be time for children to go back to school after summer vacation.
Both leaves and stems vary from glabrous hairless to various forms of pubescence strigose, strigillose, hispid, stipitate-glandular Goldenrod paper villous. Using consensus trees from ITS data, another study found support for Oligoneuron as part of Solidago and the findings of Zhang Turn the work one-forth counter-clockwise and on upper right strip, repeat H through L.
Though negligible differences in karyotype among Solidago and related genera were found,  Solidago taxa with multiple cytotypes are more common than those with one.
Take one strip on left and fold over to right. Place the fourth one vertically with the fold on the top, placing both ends of the third between the ends of the fourth strip and placing both ends op the fourth strip between the ends of the first. Solidago and related taxa[ edit ] Related Astreaceae genera such as Chrysma, Euthamia, Oligoneuron, and Oreochrysum have been included within Solidago at one point or another,  but morphological evidence    has suggested otherwise.
When strips 1, 2, 3, and 4 as numbered in D above are of different colors, the results are shown on the right. The rest of the steps will be done holding the star. The invading larva may induce the plant to form a bulbous tissue mass called a gall around it, upon which the larva then feeds.
They have eight to 10 ribs usually and are hairless or moderately hispid.
Finished stars are shown below.State Employee Health Plan (SEHP) Plan Year Retiree/Direct Bill Participants Enrollment Booklet with Charts.
To flip the pages as you view, click on either the lower right corner to move forward or the lower left corner to move back. Parent-Child Relationships Program is a self-sustaining program at the Univ of WA School of Nursing. We disseminate and develop innovative research/evidence-based products and training for practitioners and researchers to use with all children.
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