You can also use this method to explore what is considered by scholars to be a "hot topic" and what is not. Systematic Approaches to a Successful Literature Review. What methodologies do they use? For example, look at the following two passages and note that Student A is merely describing the literature and Student B takes a more analytical and evaluative approach, by comparing and contrasting.
Are the author's arguments supported by evidence [e. This will help focus the introduction on the topic at the appropriate level and ensures that you get to the subject matter quickly without losing focus, or discussing information that is too general.
Sometimes you may need to quote certain terminology that was coined by the author, not common knowledge, or taken directly from the study.
For example, what might cultural anthropologists say about the continuing conflict in the Middle East?
Use Caution When Paraphrasing When paraphrasing a source that is not your own, be sure to represent the author's information or opinions accurately and in your own words. Moreover, Hopewho interviewed residents from various nursing homes, substantiates the claim that characteristics of the institutional environment such as the extent of resources in the facility, as well as its location, are features which residents have indicated as being of great importance Definition of literature review in research paper their independence.
Organize the information so as to present the more general aspects of the topic early in the introduction, then narrow your analysis to more specific topical information that provides context, finally arriving at your research problem and the rationale for studying it [often written as a series of key questions to be addressed or framed as a hypothesis or set of assumptions to be tested] and, whenever possible, a description of the potential outcomes your study can reveal.
The key aims and objectives of your study, The research questions that you address, The variables of interest [i. Sage, ; Sutton, Anthea. The purpose is to develop a body of literature that establishes a contrarian viewpoint.
The peer review helps the publisher that is, the editor-in-chiefthe editorial board or the program committee decide whether the work should be accepted, considered acceptable with revisions, or rejected. This approach helps highlight ethical issues which you should be aware of and consider as you go through your own study.
A roadmap is important because it helps the reader place the research problem within the context of their own perspectives about the topic. Sage,pp.
The literature review may also identify gaps or controversies in the literature and topics needing further research. Inthe California Governor signed into law Senate Bill SherChapterstatutes ofwhich mandates that, before any CalEPA Board, Department, or Office adopts a final version of a rule-making, the scientific findings, conclusions, and assumptions on which the proposed rule are based must be submitted for independent external scientific peer review.
If you feel that you must seek out an authoritative definition, use a subject specific dictionary or encyclopedia [e. University of North Carolina; Introductions. Doing Your Literature Review: Given the value-laden nature of some social science research [e.
The only difference here between a "chronological" and a "thematic" approach is what is emphasized the most: Describe a puzzling scenario or incongruity. Historical literature reviews focus on examining research throughout a period of time, often starting with the first time an issue, concept, theory, phenomena emerged in the literature, then tracing its evolution within the scholarship of a discipline.
Types of Literature Reviews Argumentative Review This form examines literature selectively in order to support or refute an argument, deeply imbedded assumption, or philosophical problem already established in the literature.
He suggests that the physical environment in the more public spaces of the building did not have much impact on their perceptions. Should I evaluate the sources? For example, a book surveying the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict may include a chapter on the role Egypt has played in mediating the conflict, or look in the index for the pages where Egypt is mentioned in the text.
However, implicit are other, related problems that could have been chosen but were rejected. This is appropriate because outcomes are unknown until you've completed the study. An overview of the subject, issue, or theory under consideration, along with the objectives of the literature review, Division of works under review into themes or categories [e.
Posing what is essentially an unresolved intellectual riddle about the problem can engage the reader's interest in the study. Include a strong quotation or a vivid, perhaps unexpected, anecdote.
Systematic Review This form consists of an overview of existing evidence pertinent to a clearly formulated research question, which uses pre-specified and standardized methods to identify and critically appraise relevant research, and to collect, report, and analyze data from the studies that are included in the review.
Prepared under the direction of the Superintendent and by the Curriculum Design and Writing Team. Here are several strategies you can utilize to assess whether you've thoroughly reviewed the literature:In a research paper, the argument is the main focus.
When you write a literature review, you summarize the arguments and ideas of others. In a literature review, the sources are the main focus. Writing a Literature Review Definition. A literature review is both a summary and explanation of the complete and current state of knowledge on a limited topic as found in academic books and journal articles.
this statement will sum up and evaluate the state of the art in this ﬁeld of research; in a review that is an introduction or. GUIDE TO WRITING YOUR RESEARCH PAPER Ashley Leeds The most common mistake that students make in writing a literature review for a research paper is to do and do not constitute mediation by your definition.
Be as concrete and specific as you can be in defining. A research paper is one where an original study has been performed. A review paper may be either a narrative review, a systematic review or a meta-analysis.
Yet a research paper is more than the sum of your sources, more than a collection of different pieces of information about a topic, and more than a review of the literature in a field.
A research paper analyzes a perspective or argues a point. The LITERATURE REVIEW is a summary of previous research on a topic. The literature review surveys scholarly articles, books, and other sources relevant to a particular area of research or interest.Download