An overview of some progressive reforms

The popular referendum is a device which allows voters to approve or repeal an act of the Legislature. Muckraking Journalism Writers such as Lincoln Steffens, Upton Sinclair and Jacob Riis brought social problems to the public's attention by writing what were called "muckraking" articles that exposed the corruption and unjust practices that many industrial leaders had established.

The Progressive Movement

City Reforms - Commission System Progressive reforms began at the local town and city level. In Utah and Washington, proponents may select either the direct or indirect method. The Progressive movement developed as a variety of different social movements responding to these changes. In DecemberCongress adopted the Eighteenth Amendment, which was approved by the states in January and went into effect a year later, banning the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcohol nationwide.

President Roosevelt announces his Square Deal Policy in and his support of progressive and political reforms, including the regulation of business and corporations. Progressives around the country put up campaigns to push for an improvement in public education and to make education mandatory.

Country life movement As late ashalf the population lived in rural areas. Programs for new mothers included maternity care and training in baby care. One main goal of the Progressive movement was purification of government, as Progressives tried to eliminate corruption by exposing and undercutting political machines and bosses.

The 16th amendment made an income tax legal this required an amendment due to Article One, Section 9 of the Constitution, which required that direct taxes be laid on the States in proportion to their population as determined by the decennial census.

Many middle-class reformers did not understand this reaction. One of the most effective weapons in its campaign were photographs taken by Lewis Hine that showed boys and girls as young as eight years of age working with dangerous equipment in coal mines and factories.

Political and Social Reforms

InCongress passed the Webb-Kenyon Actwhich forbade the transport of liquor into dry states. One main goal of the Progressive movement was purification of government, as Progressives tried to eliminate corruption by exposing and undercutting political machines and bosses.

Anthony, a women's suffrage supporter, and Jane Addams, a social worker in Chicago, brought national attention to their causes, helping to change public policy.

The Progressive Era and the impact of many of the reforms made at the time can still be seen in American society today. Typically, classes were taught by young local women before they married, with only occasional supervision by county superintendents.

For the working class this work was often as a domestic servant. Many state legislatures are also required by their state constitutions to refer bond measures and tax changes to the voters. The case was significant because the Court accepted the Brandeis Brief a wealth of sociological, economic, and medical evidence submitted by attorney Louis Brandeis demonstrating that the health of the women was impaired by long factory hours.

In some states with the indirect process, the legislature may submit a competing measure that appears on the ballot along with the original proposal. Women's participation in World War I, through service in the military and work in defense plants and the Red Cross, heightened the momentum.

With the coming of the automobile afterurgent efforts were made to upgrade and modernize dirt roads designed for horse-drawn wagon traffic.

They were much more comfortable with the idea of the middle class generously bestowing labor reforms upon the downtrodden workers, which is a paternalistic attitude. Some middle-class reformers assumed that the working class would not have the time, intelligence, or other resources to participate actively in the political process.

The progressive solution was modernization through consolidation, with the result of children attending modern schools.Political and Social Reforms During the Progressive Era (–), the country grappled with the problems caused by industrialization and urbanization.

Progressivism, an urban, middle‐class reform movement, supported the government taking a greater role in addressing such issues as the control of big business and the welfare of the public. Oct 26,  · The Progressive Era ushered in some reforms that significantly changed the way Americans lived their lives.

A national income tax was established with the 16th Amendment to the Constitution. Citizens won the right to directly elect their senators with the 17th dfaduke.com: Resolved. Printable Version. Overview of the Progressive Era Digital History ID The 20th Century. Many far-reaching economic and social changes transformed American society in the 20th century, including innovations in science and technology, economic productivity, mass communication and mass entertainment, health and living standards, the role of government, gender roles, and conceptions of.

Progressive social-democratic reforms instituted important changes in American political life and ameliorated some of the worst abuses in the industrial workplace.

But Progressives also endured setbacks that originated both within and without the movement. The Progressive Era ( - ) Progressivism is the term applied to a variety of responses to the economic and social problems rapid industrialization introduced to America.

Progressive social-democratic reforms instituted important changes in American political life and ameliorated some of the worst abuses in the industrial workplace. But Progressives also endured setbacks that originated .

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An overview of some progressive reforms
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